Cholesterol (Chol)

What is the Lab Name for Cholesterol?


What is the Lab Abbreviation for Cholesterol?


What is Cholesterol in terms of Nursing Labs?

Cholesterol (Chol) is a lipid in the body.  It is a part of cell membranes as well as a precursor for vitamin D, steroids, and bile acids.  Cholesterol is primarily synthesized in the liver and intestines and is transported via lipoproteins.  There are multiple types of lipoproteins, each have slightly different functions. The two most common types of lipoproteins are high-density lipoprotein (HDL) and low-density lipoprotein (LDL).

What is the Normal Range for Cholesterol?

<200 mg/dL

What are the Indications for Cholesterol?

  • Determine risk of cardiovascular disease
  • Evaluate response to treatment

What would cause Increased Levels of Cholesterol?

  • Malabsorption
  • Liver disease
  • Diabetes Mellitus (DM)
  • Obesity
  • Cushing Syndrome
  • Hypothyroidism
  • Alcoholism
  • Nephrotic Syndrome
  • Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD)
  • Gout
  • Werner’s Syndrome
  • Ischemic Heart Disease
  • Von Gierke Disease
  • Acute Intermittent Porphyria
  • Pregnancy

What would cause Decreased Levels of Cholesterol?

  • Burns
  • Tangier disease
  • Pernicious anemia
  • Thalassemia
  • Hyperthyroidism
  • Chronic Myelocytic Leukemia
  • Malnutrition
  • Polycythemia Vera
  • Anorexia

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