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Codeine (Paveral): allergy, cold, cough remedy, antitussive, opioid analgesic

codeine

Trade Name

Paveral

Indication

management of pain, diarrhea, cough suppressant

Action

Binds to opiate receptors in the CNS and alters perception of pain while producing a general depression of the CNS.  This depression also causes a decrease in the cough reflex and GI motility.

Therapeutic Class

allergy, cold, cough remedy, antitussive, opioid analgesic

Pharmacologic Class

opioid agonist

Nursing Considerations

  • may cause alterations in mentation, hypotension, constipation, nausea, vomiting
  • assess BP, pulse, and respiratory rate prior to administration and frequently during administration
  • use caution if patient is receiving MAO Inhibitors
  • Narcan (naloxone) is the antidote for opioid agonists

 

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