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Glucose

Free Lab Values Nursing Cheatsheet

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What is the Lab Name for Glucose?

Glucose

What is the Lab Abbreviation for Glucose?

What is Glucose in terms of Nursing Labs?

Glucose is a sugar molecule that is a component of carbohydrates. Glucose provides energy in the body and is absorbed from the blood to the cells for nourishment via insulin. The pancreas secretes insulin to helps regulate levels of glucose in the blood. Glucose levels naturally rise after meals with the intake of carbohydrates.

What is the Normal Range for Glucose?

70-115 mg/dL

What are the Indications for Glucose?

  • Diagnose:
    • Hypoglycemia
    • Hyperglycemia
    • Diabetes Mellitus (DM)
  • Monitor treatments for Diabetes Mellitus (DM)

What would cause Increased Levels of Glucose?

  • Diabetes Mellitus (DM)
  • Stress
  • Pancreatitis
  • Chronic Renal Failure
  • Cushing Syndrome
  • Corticosteroid therapy

What would cause Decreased Levels of Glucose?

  • Insulinoma
  • Hypothyroidism
  • Hypopituitarism
  • Addison Disease
  • Insulin overdose
  • Starvation

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The NURSING.com Lab Values course covers what you need to know to master labs.

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