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Platelets (PLT)

What is the Lab Name for Platelets?


What is the Lab Abbreviation for Platelets?


What is Platelets in terms of Nursing Labs?

Platelets (PLT) play a role in coagulation, hemostasis, and thrombus formation.  Platelets are the smallest blood cell, damaged vessels send out signals that result in platelets traveling to the area and becoming “active”.

What is the Normal Range for Platelets?

100,000 – 450,000 cells/mcL

What are the Indications for Platelets?

  • Determine clotting vs bleeding disorders

What would cause Increased Levels of Platelets?

  • Malignancy
  • Polycythemia Vera
  • Postsplenectomy syndrome
  • Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA)
  • Iron-deficiency anemia
  • Hemolytic anemia
  • Tuberculosis
  • Birth control

What would cause Decreased Levels of Platelets?

  • Idiopathic Thrombocytopenia (ITP)
  • Inherited thrombocytopenia disorders:
    • Wiskott-Aldrich Syndrome
    • Bernard-Soulier Syndrome
    • Zieve Syndrome
  • Infection:
    • Hepatitis
    • Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV)
    • Measles
    • Sepsis
  • Hypersplenism
  • Hemorrhage
  • Leukemia
  • Lymphoma
  • Drug Therapy:
    • Aspirin
    • Ibuprofen
    • Sulfa antibiotics
    • Hydralazine
    • Thiazide diuretics
  • Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE)
  • Hemolytic anemia’s

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