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QOD 85: Cardiac Changes Related to Aging (Cardiac/Health Promotion and Maintenance)

Question:

An 80-year-old patient is being seen at the primary care clinic for routine care. The nurse performs a physical assessment on the patient. Based on the potential changes in the cardiac system associated with aging, which instructions would the nurse most likely give to this patient?

Answer:

A.  Tell the patient to stand up or change positions slowly

Rationale: 

Cardiac changes associated with aging lead to orthostatic hypotension, in which the patient may experience a drop in blood pressure upon standing. The patient should be encouraged to turn and change positions slowly to avoid becoming lightheaded or dizzy due to the blood pressure decrease upon standing.

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