- Identifying Key Ideas & Details in Reading
- Using summarizing and paraphrasing can help simplify complex text
- Drawing conclusions
- Identify the logical conclusion
- May be directly stated
- Utilize implications made by the author
- Identify topic & main ideas
- Look for topic sentences at the beginning of paragraphs/sections
- Identify supporting details for each
- Identify the logical conclusion
Cornell Note-Taking System Instructions:
- Record: During the lecture, use the note-taking column to record the lecture using telegraphic sentences.
- Questions: As soon after class as possible, formulate questions based onthe notes in the right-hand column. Writing questions helps to clarifymeanings, reveal relationships, establish continuity, and strengthenmemory. Also, the writing of questions sets up a perfect stage for exam-studying later.
- Recite: Cover the note-taking column with a sheet of paper. Then, looking at the questions or cue-words in the question and cue column only, say aloud, in your own words, the answers to the questions, facts, or ideas indicated by the cue-words.
- Reflect: Reflect on the material by asking yourself questions, for example: “What’s the significance of these facts? What principle are they based on? How can I apply them? How do they fit in with what I already know? What’s beyond them?
- Review: Spend at least ten minutes every week reviewing all your previous notes. If you do, you’ll retain a great deal for current use, as well as, for the exam.
For more information, visit www.nursing.com/cornell
Hello and welcome to this lesson on Identifying Key Ideas and details in reading.
And sometimes getting to the main idea of a text might require making inferences or drawing conclusions. Sometimes the conclusion is directly state and very logical, other times you might have to dig deep and pull out implications made by the author of the text. We do this a lot in our day to day living. For example, if you were presented with this graph you might spend some time analyzing the said graph and draw some conclusions about what it might mean.
Another example is when we meet others or observe those around us (whether in real life or on social media), we make observations and tend to draw conclusions… like in this image above with a young woman wearing 2 necklaces. When might draw the conclusion that she is a cardiac nurse by analyzing the detailed human heart necklace. We might also conclude she goes to church as it looks like a religious medal. The same critical thinking and skills of inferring must be applied to when we read text. Sometimes it is obvious, other times we might need to order or rely on our experiences and background knowledge.
And research shows the more we read the better we get at inferring what might have been said. So let’s attempt to infer what might have been said in this passage missing several words after the first two sentences.
So let’s practice this. Let’s read this out loud together and see if we can find the main topic sentence and the most important point.
So in summary, identifying key ideas requires drawing conclusions, that are sometimes logical and stated and at other instances might need to be inferred. Paraphrasing can be done to capture key ideas by rewording the text and clarifying it. Additionally, a summary can be written that is a short statement about the main points of the text. A nice way to summarize is to find the main topic sentence and the most important point and combine it.
This concludes our lesson on identifying key ideas and details in reading. Now go out and be your best self today and happy nursing!