02.04 Vocabulary

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Included In This Lesson



  1. Vocabulary- there are ways to analyze words to get the gist of what they mean
  1. Use Context clues- hints within a sentence or passage that the reader can use to understand new terms.
  2. Learn synonyms and Antonyms- knowing word pairs that are similar or are opposite can help expand vocabulary.
  3. Prefixes and Suffixes- Learning latin/greek prefixes and suffixes can help dissect parts of words and infer meaning.
  4. Definitions and Examples
    1. Homophones sound alike. Homo means “same” and phone means “sound.” Therefore they sound the same.
    2. Homonyms are spelled alike. Homo means “same” and nym means “name.” Homonym means “same name.” …
    3. Homographs look alike (spelled the same). Like graphs, they are visual.


Good day… today we are gonna discuss the importance of knowing how to decode vocabulary.

So all of us can be struggling readers. Given just the right text to the wrong or unfamiliar person, its is sure to bring about a struggle. No one person has background knowledge in everything and when we are not familiar with the subject that ultimately means there are going to be vocab terms that we are sure to find foreign. the good news is that the difference between the struggling reader and those that don’t are the tools that non-struggling readers tap into that provide the ability to decode or attempt to make sense of that which seems foreign. One of such tool is the ability to use context clues. Reading the sentence or sentences surrounding the foreign vocab term in hopes that there are clues within the context of what is being said. 

Another powerful tool is to learn word pairs, such that you familiarize yourself with words that mean the same thing and words that mean the opposite. This is helpful in not only decoding text but in being able to write well.

One of the game-changers for anyone reading informational text is becoming familiar with Latin and Greek prefixes and suffixes. This can do wonders in at least grasping onto a piece of a word and coming to some conclusion as to what it might mean. 

Being familiar with homonyms are great for deciding the appropriate word choice in writing. Homonyms are words that sound the same and they may or may not be spelled differently. A specific type of homonym a homophone has the same sound but is indeed spelled differently. Lastly, homographs can have the same or different sound but have the same spelling.

So to summarize, vocabulary can often be decoded by using context clues. Synonyms are words that have the same meaning and antonyms are opposites.  Knowing these increases vocabulary and aids in writing. Learning Latin and Greek prefixes and suffixes are invaluable in trying to decipher words meaning, especially when lacking background knowledge in the subject matter. And Homonyms are words that share the same sound but may or may not be spelled the same. Homophones sound the same but are spelled differently. And Homographs look the same but may or may not sound the same.

Thank you for reviewing the vocabulary strategies with us today. Now go out and be your best self today and as always happy nursing.