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ABG Course (Arterial Blood Gas) Introduction

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The Arterial Blood Gas (ABG) Course takes the often confusing topic of Acid-Base Balance broken it down into manageable chunks of information.  In this course you will learn the basics of ABGs and how to interpret them quickly and easily! We’ll show you how to identify any abnormalities in the ABG results and how to manage care for those patients confidently. Upon completion of this course, you will be able to…

  1. Discuss the pathophysiology of acid-base balance.
  2. Interpret an Arterial Blood Gas result accurately, including discussion of compensation.
  3. Explain the presentation and priority management for all four primary acid-base imbalances: Respiratory Acidosis, Respiratory Alkalosis, Metabolic Acidosis, and Metabolic Alkalosis.
  4. Explain the oxygenation parameters found on an ABG and determine their significance for any specific patient.
  5. Discuss the use of Lactic Acid and Base Excess in determining the source of a client’s acid-base imbalances

Video Transcript

Welcome to the ABG course. Previously, we had the ABG lessons inside the labs course, but we know so many of you were looking for more resource. So we decided to pull it out, beef it up and make an entirely new course for you!

As you’ll learn in the course, Arterial Blood Gas results are a great way to get a systemic view of what’s going on with your patient. The arteries are where they should have the most oxygen, the most nutrients, because it hasn’t been dropped off in the tissues yet. With an ABG result you can really understand what’s working and what’s not working and what could be going wrong.

In this course we’re going to walk you through the physiology of acid-base balance and give you some tips and tricks on how to interpret an ABG quickly and easily. We’ll also talk about each of the four main acid-base imbalances, evaluating oxygenation status, and a few other bonus results that you will see on an ABG.

Dive in, work through the practice questions and figure out which interpretation method works best for you. We’ve also added dozens of ABG specific flashcards including some that are just straight interpretation practice! Make sure you check those out, along with all of the other resources in this lesson.

We hope this helps take some of the overwhelm out of acid-base balance and ABG interpretation. We love you guys. Now, go out and be your best self today. And, as always, happy nursing!