Haloperidol (Haldol) Nursing Considerations

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Outline

Generic Name

haloperidol

Trade Name

Haldol

Indication

Schizophrenia, mania, aggressive and agitated patient

Action

Alters the effect of dopamine

Therapeutic Class

Antipsychotic

Pharmacologic Class

butyrophenones

Nursing Considerations

• extrapyramidal symptoms, tardive dyskinesia
• use caution in QT prolongation
• may cause seizures, constipation, dry mouth, agranulosytosis
• assess for hallucinations
• monitor hemodynamics
• monitor for neuroleptic malignant syndrome (fever, muscular rigidity, altered mental status, and
autonomic dysfunction)
• monitor CBC with differential

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Transcript

Hey guys, let’s take a look at hall. Peritol also known as Hal do. This is an oral medication, as you can see here, but is also given as an IV or IM injection. So when we talk about the therapeutic class of a drug, we are talking about how the drug works in the body while the pharmacologic class is the chemical effect. So for hello, Peritol the therapeutic class is an antipsychotic while it’s pharmacologic class is Butera hall Paradol works because it alters the effects of dopamine in the patient and is indicated for the treatment of schizophrenia mania and for an aggressive or agitated patient antipsychotics like halo Paradol tend to come along with some side effects, hall Peritol can cause things like constipation, dry mouth seizures, and a GRA cytosis. 

Let’s take a look at a few nursing considerations for hall Peritol you will want to assess your patient for extra pyramidal symptoms, including tardive dyskinesia, which are those UNR parable, involuntary movements, and also assess for any hallucinations that the patient may be experiencing monitor the patient’s hemodynamics and also for neuroleptic malignant syndrome, which can include fever, muscle rigidity, altered, mental status, and auto autonomic dysfunction use caution in patients who have QT prolongation and also teach the patient to report if they experience any hallucinations or other symptoms to the provider. And guys, you’re going to want to get CBC with differentials while on this medication. So guys in elderly patients, particularly patients with dementia who have aggressive episodes, sometimes Helo Paradol is administered, but research has actually shown that giving Helo Paradol to this elderly population actually increases the risk of death. So with that said, hello, Aperol should most definitely be avoided in the elderly population, unless the episode is so bad that the patient or caregiver is in danger, that’s it for hello Paradol or how all now go out and be your best self today. And as always happy nursing.

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