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09.06 Insulin – Short Acting (Regular)

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Generic Name

regular

Trade Name

Humulin R/Novolin R

Indication

hyperglycemia with diabetes type 1 and 2, diabetic ketoacidosis

Action

stimulates uptake of glucose into muscle and fat cells, inhibits production of glucose in the liver,
prevents breakdown of fat and protein

Route Onset Peak Duration
Subcutaneous 30-45 min 1.5-2.5h 4.5-6h

 

Therapeutic Class

antidiabetics, hormones

Pharmacologic Class

pancreatics

Nursing Considerations

• assess for symptoms of hypoglycemia or hyperglycemia
• monitor body weight over time
• may cause decreased inorganic phosphates, potassium, and magnesium
• monitor blood sugars every 6 hours, monitor A1C every 3-6 months

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