23.09 Lung Surfactant for Newborns
- Given to premature newborns or sometimes term babies if in respiratory distress
- Keeps lungs open and prevents collapse
- Lung surfactant makes it easier for lungs to expand fully
- This helps O2 to get into the alveoli and therefore into blood/circulation easier
- Given via intubation (ETT) of newborn
- Signs of respiratory distress
- After administration→ Improved work of breathing and improvement on oxygen saturation
- Assist provider with intubation
- Secure tube
- Administer medication
- Assess ABG
- Monitor EKG and oxygen levels
- Assess vitals
- Bradycardia and hypoxia can occur during administration
- What is is used for
- What is expected from it
**DISCLAIMER – In the lesson, the video states that lung surfactant is located in the pleural space, which is incorrect. The correct information is that lung surfactant is made in type II alveolar cells in the alveoli. Both surfactant and pleural fluid work to decrease surface tension.
Cornell Note-Taking System Instructions:
- Record: During the lecture, use the note-taking column to record the lecture using telegraphic sentences.
- Questions: As soon after class as possible, formulate questions based onthe notes in the right-hand column. Writing questions helps to clarifymeanings, reveal relationships, establish continuity, and strengthenmemory. Also, the writing of questions sets up a perfect stage for exam-studying later.
- Recite: Cover the note-taking column with a sheet of paper. Then, looking at the questions or cue-words in the question and cue column only, say aloud, in your own words, the answers to the questions, facts, or ideas indicated by the cue-words.
- Reflect: Reflect on the material by asking yourself questions, for example: “What’s the significance of these facts? What principle are they based on? How can I apply them? How do they fit in with what I already know? What’s beyond them?
- Review: Spend at least ten minutes every week reviewing all your previous notes. If you do, you’ll retain a great deal for current use, as well as, for the exam.
For more information, visit www.nursing.com/cornell