14.02 Methylphenidate (Concerta)

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Included In This Lesson

Outline

Generic Name

methylphenidate

Trade Name

Ritalin

Indication

ADHD, narcolepsy

Action

improves attention span in ADHD by producing CNS stimulation

Therapeutic Class

central nervous system stimulant

Pharmacologic Class

none

Nursing Considerations

• can cause sudden death, hypertension, palpitations, anorexia, hyperactivity, insomnia
• may decrease effects of Warfarin and Phenytoin
• do not use with MAOIs
• monitor cardiovascular system
• monitor for behavioral changes
• monitor for dependence
• do not consume caffeinated beverages
“Drug Holiday” used to assess dependence and status