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Hypokalemia – Signs and Symptoms Nursing Mnemonic

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6 L’s

  • L-Lethargy
  • L-Leg cramps
  • L-Limp muscles
  • L-Low, shallow respirations
  • L-Lethal cardiac dysrythmias
  • L-Lots of urine (polyuria)


Hypokalemia is LOW potassium, which starts with L. So the 6 L’s can help you recognize the signs and symptoms of LOW potassium or hypokalemia

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