Causes of Labor Dystocia Nursing Mnemonic (Having Extremely Frustrating Labor)

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Having Extremely Frustrating Labor

  • H-Hypotonic/Hypertonic Contractions
  • E-Extremely Large Fetus
  • F-Fetal Position
  • L-Less than Ideal Pelvic Structure


These are possible causes of labor dystocia – difficult labor. Hypotonic or Hypertonic Contractions can make the force ineffective or uncoordinated. Extremely large fetus – a large baby can get stuck in the birth canal. Fetal position being awkward or abnormal can cause a fetus to get stuck – i.e. breech or shoulder presentation. And Less than ideal pelvic structure – it could be shaped funny due to a spinal defect or just be too small

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