Transient Incontinence – Common Causes Nursing Mnemonic (P-DIAPERS)

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Included In This Lesson



  • P-Psychologic
  • D-Delirium
  • I-Infection
  • A-Atrophic Urethra
  • P-Pharmaceuticals – blood pressure medication, antidepressants, diuretics, sleeping pills
  • E-Excess Urine Output
  • R-Restricted Mobility
  • S-Stool Impaction


These are common causes of transient incontinence – when a patient cannot hold their urine and becomes incontinent without warning, periodically. This occurs in children and commonly in older adults

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