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Tracheal Esophageal Fistula – Sign and Symptoms Nursing Mnemonic


The 3 C’s

  • C-Choking
  • C-Coughing
  • C-Cyanosis


A tracheal esophageal fistula (TEF) is a congenital abnormality in which there is an opening between the trachea and the esophagus. Surgery is required to repair the opening before a baby can receive oral nutrition. Signs and symptoms to identify TEF are choking, coughing, and cyanosis.

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