BROMOCRIPTINE MESYLATE (Bromocriptine mesylate) Nursing Considerations

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What is the Generic Name


What is the Trade Name for BROMOCRIPTINE MESYLATE

Bromocriptine mesylate

What is the Indication for BROMOCRIPTINE MESYLATE

  • INDICATIONS AND USAGE Hyperprolactinemia-Associated Dysfunctions Bromocriptine mesylate capsules are indicated for the treatment of dysfunctions associated with hyperprolactinemia including amenorrhea with or without galactorrhea, infertility or hypogonadism. Bromocriptine treatment is indicated in patients with prolactin-secreting adenomas, which may be the basic underlying endocrinopathy contributing to the above clinical presentations. Reduction in tumor size has been demonstrated in both male and female patients with macroadenomas. In cases where adenectomy is elected, a course of bromocriptine mesylate capsule therapy may be used to reduce the tumor mass prior to surgery. Acromegaly Bromocriptine mesylate capsule therapy is indicated in the treatment of acromegaly. Bromocriptine mesylate capsule therapy, alone or as adjunctive therapy with pituitary irradiation or surgery, reduces serum growth hormone by 50% or more in approximately ¬Ω of patients treated, although not usually to normal levels. Since the effects of external pituitary radiation may not become maximal for several years, adjunctive therapy with bromocriptine mesylate capsule offers potential benefit before the effects of irradiation are manifested. Parkinson’s Disease Bromocriptine mesylate capsules are indicated in the treatment of the signs and symptoms of idiopathic or postencephalitic Parkinson’s disease. As adjunctive treatment to levodopa (alone or with a peripheral decarboxylase inhibitor), bromocriptine mesylate capsule therapy may provide additional therapeutic benefits in those patients who are currently maintained on optimal dosages of levodopa, those who are beginning to deteriorate (develop tolerance) to levodopa therapy, and those who are experiencing “end of dose failure” on levodopa therapy. Bromocriptine mesylate capsule therapy may permit a reduction of the maintenance dose of levodopa and, thus may ameliorate the occurrence and/or severity of adverse reactions associated with long-term levodopa therapy such as abnormal involuntary movements (e.g., dyskinesias) and the marked swings in motor function (“on-off” phenomenon). Continued efficacy of bromocriptine mesylate capsule therapy during treatment of more than 2 years has not been established. Data are insufficient to evaluate potential benefit from treating newly diagnosed Parkinson’s disease with bromocriptine mesylate capsules. Studies have shown, however, significantly more adverse reactions (notably nausea, hallucinations, confusion and hypotension) in bromocriptine-treated patients than in levodopa/carbidopa-treated patients. Patients unresponsive to levodopa are poor candidates for bromocriptine mesylate capsule therapy.



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