venous thrombosis, pulmonary embolism, A-fib, myocardial infarction
disrupts liver synthesis of Vitamin K dependent clotting factors
• contraindicated with bleeding, severe hypertension
• can cause bleeding
• aspirin and NSAIDs can increase risk of bleeding
• azole antifungals increase effects of warfarin
• cimetadine(Tagamet) increases warfarin levels
• obtain full history of supplements and herbs
• large amounts of vitamin K may antagonize effects of warfarin
• assess for signs of bleeding
• therapeutic levels: PT 1.3-1.5, INR 2.5-3.5
• instruct patient to report any signs of bleeding
• patient should not drink alcohol
• bleeding times need to be monitored frequently
• vitamin K is antidote
Cornell Note-Taking System Instructions:
- Record: During the lecture, use the note-taking column to record the lecture using telegraphic sentences.
- Questions: As soon after class as possible, formulate questions based onthe notes in the right-hand column. Writing questions helps to clarifymeanings, reveal relationships, establish continuity, and strengthenmemory. Also, the writing of questions sets up a perfect stage for exam-studying later.
- Recite: Cover the note-taking column with a sheet of paper. Then, looking at the questions or cue-words in the question and cue column only, say aloud, in your own words, the answers to the questions, facts, or ideas indicated by the cue-words.
- Reflect: Reflect on the material by asking yourself questions, for example: “What’s the significance of these facts? What principle are they based on? How can I apply them? How do they fit in with what I already know? What’s beyond them?
- Review: Spend at least ten minutes every week reviewing all your previous notes. If you do, you’ll retain a great deal for current use, as well as, for the exam.
For more information, visit www.nursing.com/cornell