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QOD 59: Prone Position in ARDS (Respiratory/Basic Care and Comfort)

Question:

A nurse must position the patient prone after his diagnosis of acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). Which of the following is a benefit of using this position? Select all that apply.

Answer:

A. Decreased atelectasis

C. Mobilization of secretions

D. Decreased fluid accumulation

Rationale: 

Prone positioning, or placing the patient face down with the head turned to the side, helps with pulmonary function in the patient diagnosed with ARDS. Studies have shown that patients who are positioned prone and who have respiratory conditions often have improved outcomes of decreased lung atelectasis, mobilization of secretions to enhance suctioning, and decreased fluid accumulation in the lung tissue.

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