Episiotomy – Evaluation of Healing Nursing Mnemonic

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  • R-Redness
  • E-Edema
  • E-Ecchymosis
  • D-Discharge, Drainage
  • A-Approximation


Redness with pain, excess edema, ecchymosis (bruising), or discharge/drainage from the wound can all be signs of problems with healing after an episiotomy. Wound edges should be well approximated. Topical ointments and ice packs may be indicated if there is pain or excess swelling, or other signs of infection.