AMPHOTERICIN B, DIMYRISTOYLPHOSPHATIDYLCHOLINE, DL- AND DIMYRISTOYLPHOSPHATIDYLGLYCEROL, DL- (ABELCET) Nursing Considerations

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What is the Generic Name

AMPHOTERICIN B, DIMYRISTOYLPHOSPHATIDYLCHOLINE, DL- AND DIMYRISTOYLPHOSPHATIDYLGLYCEROL, DL-

What is the Trade Name for AMPHOTERICIN B, DIMYRISTOYLPHOSPHATIDYLCHOLINE, DL- AND DIMYRISTOYLPHOSPHATIDYLGLYCEROL, DL-

ABELCET

What is the Indication for AMPHOTERICIN B, DIMYRISTOYLPHOSPHATIDYLCHOLINE, DL- AND DIMYRISTOYLPHOSPHATIDYLGLYCEROL, DL-

  • INDICATIONS AND USAGE ABELCET ¬Æ is indicated for the treatment of invasive fungal infections in patients who are refractory to or intolerant of conventional amphotericin B therapy. This is based on open-label treatment of patients judged by their physicians to be intolerant to or failing conventional amphotericin B therapy (See DESCRIPTION OF CLINICAL STUDIES). DESCRIPTION OF CLINICAL STUDIES Fungal Infections Data from 473 patients were pooled from three open-label studies in which ABELCET ¬Æ was provided for the treatment of patients with invasive fungal infections who were judged by their physicians to be refractory to or intolerant of conventional amphotericin B, or who had preexisting nephrotoxicity. Results of these studies demonstrated effectiveness of ABELCET ¬Æ in the treatment of invasive fungal infections as a second line therapy. Patients were defined by their individual physician as being refractory to or failing conventional amphotericin B therapy based on overall clinical judgement after receiving a minimum total dose of 500 mg of amphotericin B. Nephrotoxicity was defined as a serum creatinine that had increased to >2.5 mg/dL in adults and >1.5 mg/dL in pediatric patients, or a creatinine clearance of <25 mL/min while receiving conventional amphotericin B therapy. Of the 473 patients, four were enrolled more than once; each enrollment contributed separately to the denominator. The median age was 39 years (range of <1 to 93 years); 307 patients were male and 166 female. Patients were Caucasian (381, 81%), African-American (41, 9%), Hispanic (27, 6%), Asian (10, 2%), and various other races (14, 3%). The median baseline neutrophil count was 4,000 PMN/mm3; of these, 101 (21%) had a baseline neutrophil count <500/mm 3 . Two-hundred eighty-two patients of the 473 patients were considered evaluable for response to therapy; the other 191 patients were excluded on the basis of unconfirmed diagnosis, confounding factors, concomitant systemic antifungal therapy, or receiving 4 doses or less of ABELCET ¬Æ . For evaluable patients, the following fungal infections were treated (n=282): aspergillosis (n=111), candidiasis (n=87), zygomycosis (n=25), cryptococcosis (n=16), and fusariosis (n=11). There were fewer than 10 evaluable patients for each of several other fungal species treated. For each type of fungal infection listed above there were some patients successfully treated. However, in the absence of controlled studies it is unknown how response would have compared to either continuing conventional amphotericin B therapy or the use of alternative antifungal agents. Renal Function: Patients with aspergillosis who initiated treatment with ABELCET ¬Æ when serum creatinine was above 2.5 mg/dL experienced a decline in serum creatinine during treatment (Figure 1). Serum creatinine levels were also lower during treatment with ABELCET ¬Æ when compared to the serum creatinine levels of patients treated with conventional amphotericin B in a retrospective historical control study. Meaningful statistical testing of the differences between these two groups is precluded since these data were obtained from two separate studies. [ ]= Number of patients at each time point. Note: These curves do not represent the clinical course of a given patient, but that of an open-label cohort of patients. [ ]= Number of patients at each time point. Note: These curves do not represent the clinical course of a given patient, but that of an open-label cohort of patients. In a randomized study of ABELCET ¬Æ for the treatment of invasive candidiasis in patients with normal baseline renal function, the incidence of nephrotoxicity was significantly less for ABELCET ¬Æ at a dose of 5 mg/kg/day than for conventional amphotericin B at a dose of 0.7 mg/kg/day. Despite generally less nephrotoxicity of ABELCET ¬Æ observed at a dose of 5 mg/kg/day compared with conventional amphotericin B therapy at a dose range of 0.6-1 mg/kg/day, dose-limiting renal toxicity may still be observed with ABELCET ¬Æ . Renal toxicity of doses greater than 5 mg/kg/day of ABELCET ¬Æ has not been formally studied. figure 1 figure 2

 

 

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References: https://open.fda.gov/

 

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