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Low Density Lipoprotein

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What is the Lab Name for Low Density Lipoprotein?

Low Density Lipoprotein

What is the Lab Abbreviation for Low Density Lipoprotein?

LDL

What is Low Density Lipoprotein in terms of Nursing Labs?

Cholesterol is transported via lipoproteins.  There are multiple types of lipoproteins and they each have slightly different functions: high-density lipoprotein (HDL), low-density lipoprotein, LDL, very low-density lipoprotein (VLDL).  LDL cholesterol is considered bad cholesterol because as it travels through the blood, it deposits cholesterol into the lining of blood vessels, causing atherosclerosis and an increase in cardiovascular disease.

What is the Normal Range for Low Density Lipoprotein?

<70 mg/dL

What are the Indications for Low Density Lipoprotein?

  • Useful in determining risk of cardiovascular disease.

What would cause Increased Levels of Low Density Lipoprotein?

  • Diet high in saturated fats
  • Nephrotic Syndrome
  • Alcoholism
  • Chronic liver disease:
    • Hepatitis
    • Cirrhosis
  • Hypothyroidism
  • Cushings Syndrome

What would cause Decreased Levels of Low Density Lipoprotein?

  • Regular physical activity
  • Hyperthyroidism
  • Hypoproteinemia:
    • Malabsorption
    • Severe burns
    • Malnutrition

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